How to Store PHP Session in Memcached

The minute a PHP application develops to keep running on more servers, ordinarily people will see issues caused by PHP sessions. If you are using two or more server for your application using load balancer you will need to enable stickiness (sending the users to the same real server) to handle the users request. If you do not care load balancer this will slowly become a major issue.

There are lots of way to store PHP session in a shared location, but in this tutorial I will show you simple way to store PHP session in memcached.

Store PHP Session in Memcached

The pecl memcache php extension has supported for a long time the memcache session.save_handler, but with the release 3.0.x this brings in a set of interesting features for us: – UDP support – Binary protocol support – Non-blocking IO using select() – Key and session redundancy (values are written to N mirrors) – Improved error reporting and fail-over handling.

Install PHP Memcache Module

First of all you will need to install php memcache module using distribution repositories. You can also install php memcache using pecl or manual compilation.

Using PECL

# pecl install memcache-3.0.4


# wget http://pecl.php.net/get/memcache-3.0.4.tgz
# tar xvfz memcache-3.0.4.tgz
# cd memcache-3.0.4
# phpize
# ./configure
# make
# make install

Once installation completed, edit the php.ini file to enable the module. I prefer to create a new file for this memcache.ini inside the include directory of the php build. For example in Debian this is under /etc/php5/conf.d/memcache.ini) and for rpm based this is under /etc/php.d/memcache.ini. Put the below lines in memcache.ini.

memcache.allow_failover = 1
memcache.redundancy = 1
memcache.session_redundancy = 2

Configured Memcached

To store the php session in memcache you will need to edit php.ini file and replace the default file handler setting with something like below:

; Use memcache as a session handler
session.save_handler = memcache
; Use a comma separated list of server urls to use for storage:

You can also define it inside the php block if you do not want to use this on server side.

$session_save_path = "tcp://:11211?persistent=1&weight=1&timeout=1&retry_interval=15, tcp://:11211";
ini_set('session.save_handler', 'memcache');
ini_set('session.save_path', $session_save_path);
You can see I used in the above example tcp and udp also. Please be sure that your memcached server has udp support enabled if you want to use that. Also ensure that the web server can connect to the memcache server/port in order for this to work.

Finally restart the Apache service to start using the memcache to store the php sessions.

# service httpd restart
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Santosh Prasad

Hi! I'm Santosh and I'm here to post some cool article for you. If you have any query and suggestion please comment in comment section.

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